Sep 182014
 

If you are experiencing Neck pains, Headaches, Pain in the should and arm, or pain in the mid and lowers parts of your back, you may be suffering from Whiplash. Whiplash is a form of common injury that mainly occurs from car accidents when hit from behind. You may feel these symptoms immediately or later on. You may also feel other symptoms other than these because whiplash occurs in various forms depending on the individual.

Symptoms

whiplash treatmentIf you feel a sudden onset of neck pain, especially when you are doing a particular activity you may be suffering whiplash. Whether you feel a sharp of dull pain, you may still be suffering whiplash. In most cases, the pain increases with the sustained posture or movement. At first, the pain may start in the neck, then it proceeds to the shoulders and the arms. You may also feel some headaches.

The pain may result to stiffness in the neck and restricted movement in this part of the body. You may feel that your head is heavy especially when you are trying to lift it off the pillow.

Diagnosis

A physiotherapist is enough to tell if you are actually suffering from Whiplash. You will need a thorough subjective and objective examination of the neck to tell if you are suffering from whiplash. However, to rule out if you are suffering from a serious injury, you need to do an X-ray, MRI or a CT scan.

Anatomy

The most common form of whiplash is the neck whiplash. A whiplash injury is a result of strain on the superficial muscles. To understand whiplash you need to know the anatomy of the neck. The neck is made up of seven bones that are joined from one level to the other by a joint that is on either side. A ligament and the deeper muscles connect these bones. The deeper muscles hold the posture of the body right while the superficial muscles product the movement.

Treatment

The treatment of physiotherapy depends on the compliance of the patient to the required physical activity. The most essential part of the treatment is in sufficient rest from any activity that causes the pain. Stress on the neck should also be reduced by avoiding some activities. Prolonged sitting or standing or lying in poor posture should be avoided once you have realized that you suffer Whiplash.

You need strategic movement to enable the healing. What you need to do is turn the head to the right and left slowly every hour. You will then have to tip the head down to the right and left. Then you will look down and up before turning your body right and left.

You need a physiotherapist to take you through this process. The physiotherapist will take you through the initial stage for the first seven to ten days. Then there will be the repair phase that will last between twenty-one and twenty eight days. Then you will go through the remodeling stage, which is the longest stage before you resume your normal activities.

 Posted by at 4:21 pm
Sep 172014
 

Tennis elbow is not restricted to adult that play a lot of tennis. It occurs when the muscles and tendons in of the forearm are strained due to a repetitive or strenuous activity. That’s something that used to happen in racquet sports (squash, as well as tennis), when racquets transmitted vibration to the elbow joint. Hence the name. The correct medical term is lateral epicondylitis. Lateral Epicondylitis occurs when the muscles and tendons in your forearm are strained, tiny tears and inflammation can develop near the bony lump (lateral epicondyle) on the outside of your elbow, as detailed below.

Diagram of the Elbow Joint

tennis elbow

Common causes of tennis elbow include:

  • Unaccustomed hand use. eg painting a fence, hammering, lots of typing.
  • Excessive gripping or wringing activities
  • Poor forearm muscle strength or tight muscles
  • Poor technique
  • You may get tennis elbow if your forearm muscles are not used to doing a certain activity, such as gardening or decorating
  • Playing racquet sports increases your risk of developing tennis elbow, particularly if you play for the first time in a long time. However, despite its name, only five out of 100 people actually get tennis elbow from playing racquet sports

Cortico-steroids are known to have a temporary soothing effect on the pain associated with Tennis Elbow and are administered by injecting directly at the site of the pain (i.e. in the elbow). They act to break down inflammation within the joint, but only treat the symptom, rather than the cause. Consequently, the pain returns some time after the injection.

Tennis Elbow Symptoms

As the name suggests, pain is centered around the elbow. More specifically, symptoms include:

  • Pain slowly increasing around the outside of the elbow. Less often, pain may develop suddenly.
  • Pain is worse when shaking hands or squeezing objects.
  • Pain is made worse by stabilising or moving the wrist with force.
  • Every day movements trigger pain in the elbow. For example lifting, using tools, opening jars, or even handling simple utensils such as a toothbrush or knife and fork.

Depending on the condition of the affected tendons within the elbow, pain can range from moderate to severe.

Tennis Elbow Treatment

Fortunately, physiotherapy has a great track record in the treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis.Unlike cortico-steroids, physiotherapy can work in the long term and aims to achieve:

  • A reduction of elbow pain
  • Facilitation of tissue repair
  • Restoration of normal joint range of motion and function
  • Restoration of normal muscle length, strength and movement patterns
  • Resumption of normal use of your upper limb neurodynamics
  • Resumption of cervical joint function

There are many ways to achieve these and, following a thorough assessment of your elbow, arm and neck, your physiotherapist will discuss the best strategy for you to use based on your symptoms and your lifestyle. Results are typically measured through patient feedback and measurement of pain-free grip strength.

Cyriax Physiotherapy

Deep Transverse Friction is the method used in CYRIAX physiotherapy for treating tennis elbows. Mill’s manipulation is applied just after the Deep Transverse Friction for complete removal of pain from the hurt tendon. It is always advised that the physiotherapist and the patient follow the protocol and sequence for the use of DTS and Mill’s manipulation.

Accupuncture and Dry Needling

Acupuncture and Dry Needling are important physiotherapy treatment techniques which are used by experts across the world for treating tennis elbows.

Sports Physio

This kind of physiotherapy is designed for the sportsperson. They have a specific set of exercises to be performed along with the treatment. The exercise helps the muscles in settling properly for a specific kind of shot or movement. Exercises are designed by the physiotherapist with the patient in mind.

Workplace Physio

This kind of physiotherapy is designed for people who are workaholic and subjected to tennis elbows at their work places. It includes simple exercises along with some heating sessions. Bio-mechanical and Neurodynamics are some other famous kinds of physiotherapy treatments for tennis elbow.

 Posted by at 4:20 pm
Sep 162014
 

Sciatica can be described as sciatic nerve pain, originating from the lower back, down the back-abdomen, and into the legs. Sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in the body, stretching from your lower back to the lower parts of the legs. When the sciatic nerve is irritated, it can lead to severe sciatica pains in your legs. Sometimes sciatica is misdiagnosed, and this results to dawdling or non-responsive to medical treatments. Let’s look at how physiotherapy can help in sciatica treatment.

Physiotherapy And Exercises For Sciatica Treatment

Sciatica TreatmentPhysiotherapy and exercises incorporate stretching, strengthening, and aerobic training during sciatica treatment. Patients are advised to employ regular program of stretching, strengthening, and aerobic training so that the pain can be relieved more quickly. In addition to quick recovery, the training program helps in preventing future sciatica pains.

Strengthening exercises

These exercises help in intensifying the muscles, tendons, and ligaments of spinal column. The back training also helps in strengthening abdominal, hip, and gluteus muscles. These muscles are the core supporters of the spinal column, and they can bring a pain relief effect when exercised. Exercising facilitates movements within the muscles, and keeps them aligned. However, the spinal should be twisted carefully to prevent injuries and damage during physiotherapy.

Stretching exercises

Stretching is another form of exercise that can relieve sciatica pain. This exercise focuses on rigid and stiff muscles, which are responsible for severe pains. It is advisable to incorporate hamstring stretching in your regular training program, since it is quite effective for alleviating sciatic pain.

Aerobic exercise

Aerobic exercise involves cardiovascular training, but an exercise with low impact is often recommended. Such low impact cardiovascular exercises include swimming and walking. Aerobic exercise is a factor of recovering sciatica pain since it enhances exchange of nutrients and fluids, creating a good therapeutic surrounding. Also, aerobic training facilitates release of natural pain killers known as endorphins in the body, which helps in relieving sciatica pain.

After the pain is relieved, a physiotherapist carries out restoration of muscle tension and back joint motion, and limb muscle posture and flexibility. After restoration process, physiotherapist will also do rehabilitation process aimed at returning you to your normal activities. You need to fine tune your back motion, so that you can safely return to your previous leisure activities.

The sciatica has tendency of recurring, even after physiotherapy treatment. The main cause of recurring is due to inadequate rehabilitation. Therefore, you should always ask for advice from professional physiotherapists.

 Posted by at 4:18 pm
Sep 152014
 

physiotherapyPhysiotherapy, also known as physical therapy, is a crucial part of the recovery process of patients who are suffering from musculoskeletal complications. It’s a way of minimizing the patients’ pain and suffering, which helps the patients to have a peaceful recovery process. There are many different specialty areas of the physiotherapy field. The different areas of this field arise from things such as the nature of disorders, parts of the body affected, gender, and age of the patient. This makes physiotherapy a wide field. A good number of people just have a general overview of physiotherapy. In order to open up their minds, below is a detailed description of the three most common types of physiotherapy.

Orthopedic

Orthopedic physiotherapy targets patients with disorders and injuries of the musculoskeletal system and soft tissue. These disorders/injuries can be caused by traumatic accidents or incidents. The incidents or accidents could be as a result of things such as sports, vehicle accidents, post-operative joints, arthritis, amputations, etc. This therapy is commonly used for the recovery of orthopedic surgery patients.

Orthopedic therapists are specialized in diagnosing, managing, and treatment of injuries or diseases that affect muscles, bones, tendons, or ligaments. This type of physical therapy involves exercises that are meant to benefit the muscles, joints, bones, tendons, or the ligaments in question. The orthopedic setting involves procedures such as strength training, joint mobilizations, electrical stimulation, cold or hot packs, and other procedures that accelerate the recovery process.

Geriatric

Geriatric physiotherapy concentrates on helping the aging or adult people. This therapy deals with a wide array of issues such as cancer, arthritis, osteoporosis, joint or bone replacements, Alzheimer’s disease, incontinence, and balance disorders among others. However, geriatric isn’t entirely limited to the ailments mentioned above.

Geriatric concentrates on adult and elderly people because they can be affected adversely by diseases or chronic conditions. Therapists develop customized and individualized programs for their patients. The programs are dedicated to reduce pain, restore mobility, and improve general health and fitness of these people. This type of physical therapy gives everyone a chance to get back to their healthy and happy lives.

Pediatric

Pediatric physiotherapy concentrates on persons of the tender age. If these persons succumb to injuries or disorders that affect their muscles, bones, or joints, it can impact their future lives negatively. Since we know that, a unique treatment of these illnesses is critical. Children who suffer from chronic disorders and injuries require unique attention and rehabilitation. This helps them to grow and develop to their maximum potential. Pediatric physical therapy aims at improving balance, coordination, and gross motor skills in children. We do acknowledge that infants, children, and adolescents can have unique illnesses and conditions such as cerebral palsy, torticollis, spina bifida, and developmental delays. Pediatric physiotherapists show their love to children by helping them to recover from those disorders or injuries peacefully.

The three types of physiotherapy discussed above are very useful to the respective patients. They cut through all the disorders, body parts, ages, and gender. They make a suitable form of treatment for everyone, regardless of their disorders, age, or gender. Fortunately, physiotherapists are always reachable. Moreover, they are also well equipped with the necessary knowledge and experience in physiotherapy.

 Posted by at 4:16 pm
Sep 142014
 

What is Orthopaedic Physiotherapy?

orthopaedic physiotherapyOrthopaedic Physiotherapy is a type of physiotherapy that specializes in rehabilitation, restoration and repair of muscular pains, ruptures, joints and broken bones. Additionally, this type of physiotherapy deals with commonly recurrent conditions such as muscular conditions that range in severity from overuse to hyper extension to muscular strain that is a case in which a muscle is ruptured resulting in devastating pain leading to incapacitation of function.

Therefore, the main purpose of this type of physiotherapy involves restoration of appropriate health to the joint regions and stabilizing biometrics subsequent to an injury or an orthopaedic disease.

How Orthopaedic Physiotherapy is Used to Treat People

Once you go to your orthopaedic physiotherapist, you can rest assured that his or her number one agenda is to improve the quality of your life. This is done through restoration of your mobility, coordination, and self-sufficiency that guarantees your confidence is restored. Here are is what to7 expect when you take a visit to the clinic.

· To begin with, your physiotherapist will always conduct an assessment on you in order to find out how best they can treat you. Once the assessment is done, appropriate treatment can begin.

· Initially, there may be pain, and your physiotherapist will need to relieve this pain as it may be a cause of discomfort for you the patient and a cause of worry for your family.

· Relief of pain to the injured area is done through hydrotherapy, electrotherapy, deep tissue massage and manipulation. At the end of the treatment, your pain will be relieved using functional rehabilitation.

· The rehabilitation begins using a physiotherapy session which improves range of movement by relieving the stiffness. This rehabilitation is done gradually by working on the injured structure more often while at the same time being careful not to overwork them.

· Your physiotherapist makes use of any tools they have at their disposal to help you restore functionality. To begin with braces or splints are used to help you support slight movement in the initial stages.

· This procedure is followed by some resistance training with the help of your orthopaedic physiotherapist using resistance bands and small weights.

· This movement will help you move the affected area in a range of motions that helps build the muscle of the injured area and the surrounding areas in order to give you the ability to move on your own. Physical therapy may involve; the use of Swiss balls to train you in regaining stability, as well as balance, underwater exercises are also used, and the two exercises are tool for recovery and in addition, help you prevent future injuries.

· Mobility and progression of mobility is achieved through gait re-education using a walking aid.

Follow-Up

A follow-up is necessary as you may require review from time to time while you are still an in-patient. After your discharge, any follow up visits for orthopaedic physiotherapy are done based on the progress that you are making. You can make arrangements with your physiotherapist on when it is necessary to come for a review.

In addition, you can do your own physiotherapy by following the instructions given to you by your physiotherapist. Ensure you get an exercise leaflet that will give you details on the type of exercise to do and how many times you need to do the exercise. Ensure you follow these instructions regularly, and you will be well on your way to recovery.

 Posted by at 4:14 pm